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Turkish Oil Wrestling | The National Sport of Turkey

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turkish oil wrestler pouring water over himself

Turkish oil wrestling (also known as grease wrestling) is the national sport of Turkey. An annual event known as Kirkpinar holds the Guinness World record for the longest running sports competition, having occurred since 1362. Over 2,000 wrestlers a year participate in this event. Kirkpinar was even recognized by UNESCO as a heritage event in 2010.

Competitors wear hand stitched leather trousers called kisbets.

turkish oil wrestler lacing his kismet (uniform)

wrestler lacing up his kisbet

Wrestlers are covered in oil before the match as this makes it more difficult to gain a grip on your opponent. Turkish oil wrestling always uses olive oil and the quality of the oil is considered important.

turkish oil wrestlers

As competitors are announced they do a sort of dance as they enter the field.

turkish oil wrestler entering the field for competition

turkish oil wrestlers entering the field

turkish oil wrestler entering the field

Wrestlers assume positions and as a referee blows a whistle the match begins.

turkish oil wrestlers

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestlers

In ancient times matches had no set duration and could go for up to two days. Sets would begin in the morning and continue until dusk before resuming the next day. It wasn’t until 1975 that a forty minute cap was placed on matches.

turkish oil wrestling

Unlike traditional wrestling oil wrestling matches can be won by gaining hold of your opponents kisbet. This means during a match competitors need to protect their own kisbet while trying to attack his challenger. To gain hold the wrestlers will go down the back of their opponents uniform. Winning using this move is known as paca kazık. 

turkish oil wrestling

turkish oil wrestlers turkish oil wrestlers

turkish oil wrestling

turkish oil wrestlers

Referees are on hand to announce match winners.

turkish oil wrestler

The winner of the event earns the title of wrestler in chief and is awarded a cash prize. In ancient times winners were awarded bulls, camels, and thoroughbred horses.

One of the most famous wrestler in chiefs came from the Ottoman Period and was known as Alico the Bald. He held his title for twenty-six years, a record which remains unbroken to this day.

Additional shots of wrestlers on the field:

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestlers

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

turkish oil wrestler

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turkish oil wrestling


Have you ever heard of Turkish oil wrestling? Would you attend a match? Leave a comment in the section below.

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